Designed by Jonathan Hoefler, Requiem is a family of typefaces in the Renaissance style. "Unlike most historical revivals of the period, Requiem is based not upon printing types but on lettering—specifically the majestic roman capitals published by writing master Ludovico Vicentino degli Arrighi in 1523, in his seminal writing manual Il Modo de Temperare le Penne. "The 24 capitals, probably cut by Ugo da Carpi, served as the basis for Requiem's Display Roman style. For a lowercase (Arrighi doesn't provide one of a compatible style), Requiem's forms are distantly inspired by the calligraphy of Ferdinando Ruano, a renaissance scribe whose work exhibits a fluidity with both roman and italic lettering. Requiem also includes a ‘chancery’ italic, with an ample range of decorative ligatures, and a set of ornamental ‘cartouches,’ modeled on the work of renaissance scribes Giovanniantonio Tagliente and Giovanbattista Palatino. The family includes master drawings for three sizes: text (below 16 pt.), Display (16–42 pt.), and Fine Display (42 pt. and above). "Requiem was begun in 1991 for Travel & Leisure magazine, and completed in 1997 when the fonts were released for sale. Requiem has been especially popular among book designers, and is slowly making inroads into the motion picture industry, where Adobe's Trajan remains king."