"Full-size layouts were done on squared light using templates showing the folios and margins. Paste-ups were done on 70 lb. coated printing paper taped right over the layouts. Rules were first inked by hand and corners scraped using a knife while working under an engraver’s glass for accuracy. The balance of the overdrawn rule was easily opaqued on the negative film. The windows were created with red stripping film and some lithographer’s tape. Type proofs were set into position with tape. While not very presentable, these paste-ups were extremely accurate and only had to last long enough to make it to the darkroom for a negative line shot. For reasons of quality and savings in time and money, much of the stripping was done in-house with pages delivered as four-ups to the printer, ready to burn plates."